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Duration of Pain After Tooth Extraction

Updated: Oct 22, 2023

Pain after a tooth extraction should last about a week with the pain peaking within the first 48-72 hours and then subsiding towards the end of the week.

Extraction socket
Extraction socket

The severity and duration of the pain is highly individualized due to differences in personal recovery and pain tolerance. However, everyone should at least expect some type of discomfort. After all, you did just have a tooth removed from your jaw.

Note: Everything in this article will also apply to wisdom teeth extractions.

The progression of pain

Pain begins immediately after an extraction once the local anesthetic wears off. It will last and persist over the next week or so but with varying levels of intensity for each day.

You read that correctly, the post-operative pain from tooth removal is not constant throughout. The amount and severity of discomfort will differ depending on which day it is post-surgery.

Pain distribution chart after an extraction
Pain distribution chart after an extraction - Credit: afterva

If you plotted the progression of pain after a tooth extraction on a chart, you would see what we have in the diagram above. The pain distribution will look like a left skewed bell curve.

  • X-axis = Days post-extraction

  • Y-axis = Pain intensity or severity

Most painful days after an extraction

The first three days are the most painful after tooth removal. Immediately after the procedure, the intensity of pain rapidly increases and peaks within 48-72 hours.

During this time period, we highly recommend taking your pain medication even if you have high pain tolerance. This is usually the worst time after the surgery but the good news is that the next few days after this should be much better.

Pain sharply wanes after peaking

After the pain peaks, it is a downhill rollercoaster ride from day 3 with rapidly decreasing discomfort. The amount of pain should lessen with each successive day.

Sometimes during this period, those with high pain tolerance can stop taking their pain medication to see how they feel. If the discomfort is manageable, you may not need anymore pain relievers. We understand that taking too many pills can be hard on the stomach and not everyone likes taking them.

However if you don't want to deal with the discomfort it is perfectly okay to continue taking the pain relievers. There is nothing wrong with that because your comfort takes priority.

Discomfort mostly gone after a week

Typically by the end of the week you should barely feel any pain if any at all. There may be a miniscule amount of soreness or tenderness but that is normal. It shouldn't be anything that disrupts your daily routine. I should be so mild that you barely notice it.

Extraction socket after about a week
Extraction socket after about a week

As evidence for what we're saying, your dentist probably only gave you enough pain medication for a week. What that implies is that you shouldn't need to take more after this point.

Therefore we can confidently say that the pain from removing a tooth will last about a week.

Pain management protocol

Managing the pain is an important part of the tooth extraction aftercare. This is achieved by using a combination of pain medication and a cold compress.

Benefits of pain medication & cold compress:

  • Minimizes the discomfort.

  • Reduces the facial swelling.

When to begin taking pain medication

You should begin taking the pain medication as soon as you can but preferably before the anesthesia or numbness wears off. Doing so will help you stay ahead of the pain.

ibuprofen and amoxicillin
ibuprofen and amoxicillin

If you wait for the numbness to wear off first, you may experience more discomfort than you would have. Reason is because the pain relievers take about an hour before it starts working. That means you'll have about an hour where you have no pain alleviating assistance.

We call this following behind the pain.

What does the cold compress do?

The cold compress while not a medication, can help reduce swelling and pain. The cold helps to numb the side of your face which you press it upon. The pressure will also help to keep the swelling down.

How to use cold compress:

  1. Place cold compress over the affected area.

  2. Alternate 15 minutes on with 15 minutes off.

  3. By alternating it'll help prevent frostbite on your face.

When can I stop taking medication?

Depending on your pain tolerance level, there are various points in time where you may try stopping the medication.

  • High pain tolerance. You mlooking bloated.ay attempt to stop taking the pain medication after the third day. If it is too much to bear, you may resume taking it.

  • Medium pain tolerance.You may try stopping the medication sometime between the 5th and 7th day.

  • Low pain tolerance. If you don't tolerate pain very well, there is absolutely nothing wrong with finishing the entire prescription that your dentist gave you! They should've given you enough pills for about a week.

However, regardless of how tough your nerves of steel are, we always recommend to take the pain killers for at least the first three days. Even if the pain doesn't bother you, taking it can help reduce inflammation and swelling.

Most commonly, your dentist will prescribe you a NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) which is ibuprofen. It does more than just alleviate pain because it will bring the inflammation and swelling down! Taking it will reduce the chances of your face swelling up to many times its size.

When to seek help

The question we get asked a lot from our patients is, "when is the amount of pain abnormal?"

The answer to that question would be that it depends.

It is rather difficult to quantify since the discomfort that you're feeling is subjective. Not that we don't believe that you're in pain because if you say you are then you certainly are.

Nonetheless, we'll try our best to give you a guideline as to when to seek professional help.

When to get help:

  • Worsening pain after the third day. If you follow our pain progression chart, the discomfort typically peaks 48-72 hours after the surgery. However, the pain should taper off after that point. Therefore the best time to tell is if pain gets worse on the fourth day or so. If it does, you may have a complication such as a dry socket or an infection. Both scenarios would require intervention by your dentist.

  • Non-subsiding pain. If during the 4th-7th days you don't notice any improvement in pain, something may be wrong. Under normal circumstances, it should gradually lessen with each passing day. You may call your dentist if it feels like it is throbbing.

non-healing extraction site
non-healing extraction site

Verdict: How long does pain last after tooth extraction?

After a tooth extraction, the pain should last for approximately a week or so. The intensity of the discomfort should peak around 48-72 hours after the procedure. After that it should rapidly decline from there on with day to day improvements.

That is the normal progression of pain after having your tooth removed. If you notice deviation from what we've described above, there is a fair chance you may have a complication. If that is the case you should seek a follow up appointment with your provider who did the treatment!



David Chen 200 x 200.jpg

About the author: Dr David Chen, DDS

Hello, I'm Dr Chen and I'm an actively practicing dentist in Long Island City, NY. I graduated from Columbia University College of Dental Medicine in 2016 but prior to going to dental school I was already working in the dental field. It's been more than a decade since I first got to know dentistry and let me tell you, time flies by quickly. Since then I've developed a fondness for writing, which is how this all got started!

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Medical Disclaimer:

This blog is purely meant for information purposes and should not be used as medical advice. Each situation in your mouth is unique and complex. It is not possible to give advice nor diagnose any oral conditions based on text nor virtual consultations. The best thing to do is to go in person to see your dentist for an examination and consultation so that you can receive the best care possible.

The purpose of all of this oral health information is to encourage you to see your dentist and to inform you of what you may expect during your visit. Due to the unfortunate nature of dentistry, there isn't really any true home remedies that will get rid of dental problems. Roughly 99.99% of them require in-person intervention by a healthcare professional.

Hint: That is the reason why you can't eliminate seeing dentists in your life!

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