Gum Health

Our Ultrasonic - one of the tools to combat bleeding gums

Do your gums bleed when you brush or floss?

Healthy gums do not bleed so if you notice your gums bleeding, it is a sign that there is active inflammation. It is your body's way of letting you know that you are overdue for your dental check up!

You may already be at the first stage of gum disease, gingivitis.


Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and it means gum inflammation.

What causes Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is caused by plaque and calculus sitting next to the gums causing the gums to be very inflamed. The gums bleed very easily and is very inflamed because plaque and calculus are considered to be foreign to the body.

What to Expect

Treatment for gingivitis is a regular teeth cleaning. We do a general cleaning and flush everything out with our ultrasonic, which vibrates 32,000 times per second and squirts out a lot of water. Then we fine tune it with hand instruments. Afterwards we do the final polishing. From start to finish the appointment should take up to 45 minutes or so, maybe longer if you haven't been to the dentist in awhile.

Gingivitis doesn't hurt, what if I leave it as is?

Gingivitis when left alone will progress. The calculus and tartar will grow in size. Eventually the inflammation will spread from the gums to the bone and start eating away at the bone.

Once you start losing bone, it is no longer gingivitis and is now called Periodontitis.


Periodontitis is inflammation of the bone. Teeth sit in bone like how a tree sits in dirt. If you start digging dirt away from the tree, it will start to wobble and eventually you can push it over.

When your teeth start feeling loose, you most likely have periodontitis. Your gums also bleeding significantly more easily as well.

Treatment for Periodontitis depends on the severity of it.


Treatment for mild periodontitis would be a deep cleaning. Usually a deep cleaning is split into 2 separate visits and you do need to be numb for each visit. This allows us to clean below your gums. A regular cleaning only cleans above the gumline.


Treatment for moderate periodontitis involves a deep cleaning and adjunctive therapy such as antibiotics placed below the gums. Gum surgery is also a possibility.


Treatment for severe periodontitis would be to extract the non-restorable teeth. These teeth have lost so much bone that they no longer feel solid. They typically have a lot of mobility as well.

Review: Stages of gum disease

Healthy gums > Gingivitis > Mild Periodontitis > Moderate Periodontitis > Severe Periodontitis

The final outcome of severe periodontitis is full dentures. 

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Dental Calculus